Biomes and Dandelions Overview
Students will recognize biotic and abiotic words, complete a lab to explore different types of soils using the naked eye and microscope, and create a drawing of the nitrogen cycle. They will conclude with an extensive research project that includes making a food web poster and a diorama/3-D model about the dandelion biome.
- Students will classify the organisms within an ecosystem according to the function they serve: producers, consumers, or decomposers (biotic factors).
- Students will explain why producers (such as dandelions) and decomposers (such as fungi and bacteria) are important to the survival of ecosystems.
- Students will discover and report on the flow of energy within food webs. They will use appropriate methods (charts, graphs, etc.) to share the relevant data.
- Students will summarize how abiotic factors such as temperature, water, sunlight and soil quality in biomes affect an organism’s ability to survive.
- Students will explain how the flow of energy within food webs is interconnected with the cycling of matter (including water, nitrogen, carbon dioxide and oxygen).
NC Essential Standards
- 8.L.3 Understand how organisms interact with and respond to the biotic and abiotic components of their environment.
- 8.L.3.1 Explain how factors such as food, water, shelter and space affect populations in an ecosystem.
- 8.L.3.2 Summarize the relationships among producers, consumers, and decomposers including the positive and negative consequences of such interactions including:
- Coexistence and cooperation
- Competition (predator/prey)
- 8.L.3.3 Explain how the flow of energy within food webs is interconnected with the cycling of matter (including water, nitrogen, carbon dioxide and oxygen).
- 8.V.3 Create art using a variety of tools, media, and processes, safely and appropriately.
- 8.TT.1 Use technology and other resources for assigned tasks.
- 8.RP.1 Apply a research process to complete project-based activities.
- 8.SE.1 Apply responsible behaviors when using information and technology resources.
Next Generation Science Standards
- MS-LS1-6 Construct a scientific explanation based on evidence for the role of photosynthesis in the cycling of matter and flow of energy into and out of organisms.
- MS-LS2-1 Analyze and interpret data to provide evidence for the effects of resource availability on organisms and populations of organisms in an ecosystem.
- MS-LS2-2 Construct an explanation that predicts patterns of interactions among organisms across multiple ecosystems.
- MS-LS2-3 Develop a model to describe the cycling of matter and flow of energy among living and nonliving parts of an ecosystem.
- MS-LS2-4 Construct an argument supported by empirical evidence that changes to physical and biological components of an ecosystem affect populations.
- ELA-Literacy.WHST.6-8.1.b Support claim(s) with logical reasoning and relevant, accurate data and evidence that demonstrate an understanding of the topic or text, using credible sources.
- ELA-Literacy.RST.6-8.1 Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science and technical texts.
- ELA-Literacy.RST.6-8.3 Follow precisely a multistep procedure when carrying out experiments, taking measurements or performing technical tasks.
- ELA-Literacy.SL.8.4 Present claims and findings, emphasizing salient points in a focused, coherent manner with relevant evidence, sound valid reasoning, and well-chosen details; use appropriate eye contact, adequate volume, and clear pronunciation.
- ELA-Literacy.SL.8.5 Integrate multimedia and visual displays into presentations to clarify information, strengthen claims and evidence, and add interest.
- ELA-Literacy.RI.8.1 Cite the textual evidence that most strongly supports an analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.
- ELA-Literacy.W.8.8 Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, using search terms effectively; assess the credibility and accuracy of each source; and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others while avoiding plagiarism and following a standard format for citation.
- ELA-Literacy.W.8.9 Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.
- ELA-Literacy.L.8.6 Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific words and phrases; gather vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression.